Your ultimate tax saving guide for the 2024 tax season

As the 2024 tax season approaches, understanding how to navigate your taxes efficiently can lead to significant savings. This guide is designed to simplify the tax-saving process with actionable strategies and examples, focusing on India-specific scenarios. Whether you’re a seasoned taxpayer or new to the intricacies of tax planning, we’ve got you covered with insights into using a term insurance calculator and identifying tax-saving investments.

Understanding tax regimes and tax slabs

In India, taxpayers have the option to choose between two tax regimes – the old and the new. The choice significantly impacts how you plan your taxes and your eligibility for various deductions.

Old Tax Regime: Under this regime, taxpayers can avail of various deductions and exemptions under sections 80C, 80D, 80E, etc., which can significantly reduce taxable income. It’s ideal for those who have higher investments and expenses that qualify for deductions.

New Tax Regime: Introduced to simplify the tax structure, the new regime offers lower tax rates but does away with most deductions and exemptions. This regime might suit those with minimal tax saving investments or expenses.

Key sections for tax savings in India

Let’s delve into the key sections under the IT Act, 1961, that allow for tax deductions and how you can leverage them:

Section 80C: Investments and payments

Section 80C is one of the most popular avenues for tax savings, allowing deductions up to ₹1,50,000 from the taxpayer’s total income. This section encompasses a wide range of investments and expenditures:

  • Public Provident Fund (PPF): A government-backed investment scheme with a lock-in period of 15 years offering tax-free returns.
  • Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS): Mutual funds that primarily invest in the stock market with a lock-in period of 3 years, offering the dual benefits of capital appreciation and tax saving.
  • Life Insurance Premiums: Payments towards life insurance policies for the taxpayer, spouse, and children are eligible. Investing in term insurance is another prudent way to save on taxes. Premiums paid on term insurance policies are eligible for deduction under Section 80C. Utilising a term insurance calculator can help you understand the premium amount you would need to pay for the desired coverage, aiding in financial planning and tax saving.
  • National Savings Certificate (NSC): A fixed-income investment scheme that can be availed from post offices in India.
  • Fixed Deposits (FDs): Tax-saving fixed deposits with a lock-in period of 5 years.
  • Principal Repayment on Home Loan: The principal amount repaid on a home loan for purchasing or constructing a residential property.
  • Senior Citizens Savings Scheme (SCSS): A scheme specifically designed for individuals above 60, offering secure and regular income with tax benefits.
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY): Aimed at the girl child’s welfare, it allows parents to open an account in their daughter’s name, offering attractive interest rates and tax benefits.

Section 80D: Medical insurance premiums

This section offers deductions for premiums paid on medical insurance for self, spouse, dependent children, and parents. The limits are as follows:

  • ₹25,000 for insurance of self, spouse, and dependent children.
  • An additional ₹25,000 for insuring parents (below 60 years).
  • ₹50,000 if parents are senior citizens (above 60 years).
  • Preventive health check-up expenses: Up to ₹5,000 within the existing limit.

Section 80E: Interest on education loans

Deduction under Section 80E is available for interest paid on loans taken for higher education for self, spouse, children, or a student for whom the taxpayer is a legal guardian. There is no upper limit for this deduction, but it can be claimed for a maximum of 8 years or until the interest is fully repaid, whichever is earlier.

Section 24(b): Interest on home loan

This section allows taxpayers to claim a deduction on the interest component of a home loan for purchasing or constructing a residential house property. The limit under this section is ₹2,00,000 for a self-occupied property. For let-out property, there is no maximum limit, but the loss under the head income from house property that can be set off against other heads of income is restricted to ₹2,00,000 per annum.

Other Notable Sections

  • Section 80CCD(1B): An additional deduction of up to ₹50,000 for investment in the National Pension System (NPS), over and above the limit of Section 80C.
  • Section 80GG: Deductions for rent paid when HRA is not received, subject to certain conditions.
  • Section 80TTA: Deduction up to ₹10,000 on interest income from savings accounts for individuals and HUFs.
  • Section 80TTB: A higher deduction of up to ₹50,000 on interest income for senior citizens.


Navigating the tax landscape can seem daunting, but with the right knowledge and tools, such as the term insurance calculator and understanding of tax-saving investments, you can significantly reduce your tax liability.

The 2024 tax season is an opportunity to maximise your savings and investments wisely. By incorporating these strategies into your financial planning, you can achieve a more secure financial future while optimizing your tax savings.

Remember, while tax planning is essential, it’s equally important to ensure that your investments align with your long-term financial goals. Consulting with a financial advisor can provide personalized advice tailored to your unique financial situation.